Though the terminology ‘deep sea fishing’ seems to indicate marine fishing expeditions, the term actually applies to any form of fishing in waters larger than a lake. Rivers and ponds are not meant for deep sea fishing as the water may not be deep enough. Deep sea fishing is carried out in coastal waters that make up the habitat of lots of species of large fish.
Deep sea game fishing does require a larger boat in order to achieve open sea manoeuvres and store the catch conveniently. Such a boat should have enough room for the crew meant to actually do the fishing and also for the equipment needed in order to catch and store these larger scale fish. It should be the type of boat intended to withstand sea storms and bad weather and to gain easy access to the fishing areas in a fast and safe manner.
The wide range of fish that are caught in deep sea fishing includes marlins, swordfish, sailfish, large tunas and various types of sharks. There are also smaller species of fish captured at the same time with these large ones. However, the former are not part of the plan. These come as by-catch or, if caught intentionally, they are meant to be turned into bait for the larger fishes.
Deep sea fishing has been practised in mainly the same areas throughout the time since this occupation became known and later still it became a profitable business. California, Nova Scotia, Hawaii, Florida and New Zealand are among the most common of locations. One of the advantages of those areas is that the possibility of catching big fish along the coasts is triple compared to other regions where the various large species live in deeper waters.
Open sea fishing can be done using several techniques of which the first we should mention is trolling. That is a form of angling achieved by dragging a baited line on the bottom of the ocean. The bait is usually squid or some other smaller fish commonly used for bait and it is thrown behind the boat. The stabilizers behind the boat also called outriggers work great at enlarging the area that can be used for catching fish. Another technique is chumming or chunking which requires that large pieces of dead bait fish are thrown overboard so as to attract large predatory fish.
All in all, the scale of deep sea fishing has developed proportionally with the greater consumption of the market. Presently, various diets using fish dishes have actually become an epitome of healthy living and many people give up red meat for this lighter white variety.